Gum disease—also known as periodontal disease—is the infection of the gums due to plaque and bacteria buildup that has not been treated.Gum disease can also be caused by tobacco use, teeth grinding, certain medications, and genetics.
Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease. It is a treatable form that can eventually progress to advanced gum disease without treatment. Symptoms of early gum disease include:
- Red, irritated, bleeding, or swollen gums
- Bad breath
- Extreme tooth sensitivity
- Receding gum line
Advanced gum disease has more serious symptoms, including tooth or bone loss. Brushing your teeth regularly and visiting our office for routine checkups and cleanings will prevent gingivitis and halt the progression of advanced gum disease.